Each province and territory has a flower that has been chosen to represent it, which means that this post is going to be a bit long. But bear with me, and take a look at these beautiful flowers that grow here in the wild.
The flower chosen is a plant that is native to the area although this is certainly not the only place that it grows. The type of plants chosen can tell us about the kinds of habitat within each province and territory.
Newfoundland & Labrador: Pitcher Plant
The pitcher plant is found in bogs, and grows well in thin, nutrient deficient, and acidic soil. It attracts insects into the pitcher shaped leaves at it’s base, where they are unable to get out and drown, providing the plant with needed nutrients.
Photo by Mary Crosbie
Nova Scotia: Mayflower
An early spring wildflower that prefers acidic soil and therefore grows well at the base of oaks and pines. It has a lovely fragrance.
Photo by InAweofGod’sCreation
Prince Edward Island: Lady’s Slipper
This is another early spring woodland flower that is often found in bogs, swamps, wet meadows and damp woodlands.
Photo by Blake Wile
New Brunswick: Purple Violet
This flower grows well in wet meadows, in forests, and along stream banks. It blooms most of the summer. It is also edible and makes a pretty addition to a salad.
Photo by David
This is a spring flower that is found in rich, moist, well-drained woods and wet areas with semi-shade.
Photo by Dean
Quebec: Blue Flag Iris
This flower likes wet, moist soils, soggy meadows, swamps and grows along streams and in ditches.
Photo by Joshua Mayer
Manitoba: Prairie Crocus
This flower is found on prairies and in open, dry woods in sandy soil.
Photo by Malcolm Manners
Saskatchewan: Western Red Lily
You will find this lily growing on prairies, meadows, open woodland and forest edges and it prefers sandy soil.
Photo by David Minty
Alberta: Wild Rose
It is found in sunny spots with well-drained soil.
Photo by Aleksandar Cocek
British Columbia: Pacific Dogwood
This is a small tree that is found growing in deep, moist, well-drained soil.
Photo by Ruth Hartnup
This plant is often the first to colonize an area that has been burned or logged. It often grows along roadsides.
Photo by Gareth Sloan
Northwest Territories: Mountain Avens
This flower is found in rocky, barren areas, and alpine meadows.
Photo by euphro
Nunavut: Purple Saxifrage
You may find this flower in exposed rock and damp crevices in cliffs.
Photo by Alistair Rae
Activity: This week, go for a walk in wild area near you. At this time of year, you may not find too many flowers, but you may find their seedpods or berries. Don’t pick the flowers or their seedpods. Instead, take along a notebook and pencils and draw what you find or snap a photo. Notice their habitat and try to identify them.
Here are some links to little booklet that show you what grows in various habitats:
A Guide to Woodland Plants
Common Yukon Roadside Flowers
Common Range Plants of Saskatchewan
Remember where these plants are, and make a note on your calendar to come back when they usually bloom to see them!
Photo collage: Provincial Flowers
Worksheet: Nature Journal Page