Flowers of Canada

Each province and territory has a flower that has been chosen to represent it, which means that this post is going to be a bit long. But bear with me, and take a look at these beautiful flowers that grow here in the wild.

The flower chosen is a plant that is native to the area although this is certainly not the only place that it grows. The type of plants chosen can tell us about the kinds of habitat within each province and territory.

Newfoundland & Labrador: Pitcher Plant

The pitcher plant is found in bogs, and grows well in thin, nutrient deficient, and acidic soil. It attracts insects into the pitcher shaped leaves at it’s base, where they are unable to get out and drown, providing the plant with needed nutrients.

Pitcher Plant

Photo by Mary Crosbie

Nova Scotia: Mayflower

An early spring wildflower that prefers acidic soil and therefore grows well at the base of oaks and pines. It has a lovely fragrance.

339. Epigaea repens

Photo by InAweofGod’sCreation

Prince Edward Island: Lady’s Slipper

This is another early spring woodland flower that is often found in bogs, swamps, wet meadows and damp woodlands.

Lady's Slippers

Photo by Blake Wile

New Brunswick: Purple Violet

This flower grows well in wet meadows, in forests, and along stream banks. It blooms most of the summer. It is also edible and makes a pretty addition to a salad.

Purple Violets

Photo by David

Ontario: Trillium

This is a spring flower that is found in rich, moist, well-drained woods and wet areas with semi-shade.


Photo by Dean

Quebec: Blue Flag Iris

This flower likes wet, moist soils, soggy meadows, swamps and grows along streams and in ditches.

Northern Blue-Flag (Iris versicolor)

Photo by Joshua Mayer

Manitoba: Prairie Crocus

This flower is found on prairies and in open, dry woods in sandy soil.


Photo by Malcolm Manners

Saskatchewan: Western Red Lily

You will find this lily growing on prairies, meadows, open woodland and forest edges and it prefers sandy soil.

Lilium philadelphicum; western red lily | wood lily | Philadelphia lily | prairie lily

Photo by David Minty

Alberta: Wild Rose

It is found in sunny spots with well-drained soil.

wild rose

Photo by Aleksandar Cocek

British Columbia: Pacific Dogwood

This is a small tree that is found growing in deep, moist, well-drained soil.

Pacific dogwood

Photo by Ruth Hartnup

Yukon: Fireweed

This plant is often the first to colonize an area that has been burned or logged. It often grows along roadsides.


Photo by Gareth Sloan

Northwest Territories: Mountain Avens

This flower is found in rocky, barren areas, and alpine meadows.


Photo by euphro

Nunavut: Purple Saxifrage

You may find this flower in exposed rock and damp crevices in cliffs.

Purple Saxifrage

Photo by Alistair Rae

Activity: This week, go for a walk in wild area near you. At this time of year, you may not find too many flowers, but you may find their seedpods or berries. Don’t pick the flowers or their seedpods. Instead, take along a notebook and pencils and draw what you find or snap a photo. Notice their habitat and try to identify them.

Here are some links to little booklet that show you what grows in various habitats:

A Guide to Woodland Plants

Common Yukon Roadside Flowers

Common Range Plants of Saskatchewan

Mountain Wildflowers

Remember where these plants are, and make a note on your calendar to come back when they usually bloom to see them!

Notebook Pages:

Photo collage: Provincial Flowers

Worksheet: Nature Journal Page



3 thoughts on “Flowers of Canada

  1. Pingback: GOOD LUCK

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